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Dr. Aaron E. Carroll is Chief Health Officer, Associate Dean for Research Mentoring, Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics, and Director of the Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Comparative Effectiveness Research at Indiana University School of Medicine. He is Vice President for Faculty Development at the Regenstrief Institute, Inc., and Director for Education and Workforce Development at the Indiana CTSI. He writes about health policy and evidence-based medicine as a contributing opinion writer for the New York Times and hosts the popular YouTube series Healthcare Triage.
Dr. Carroll received his B.A in Chemistry from Amherst College and his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He completed his internship and residency in pediatrics at the University of Washington, where he also received his M.S. in Health Services Research where he was also a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar.
Dr. Carroll’s research focuses on information technology in pediatrics, cost-effectiveness analyses in medicine, and health policy. His writing about health policy, evidence-based medicine, and health for the New York Times and other publications and his Healthcare Triage video series have educated and entertained millions of readers and viewers. In addition, he has written four books on medical myths, including Don't Swallow Your Gum: Myths, Half-Truths, and Outright Lies About Your Body and Health, and The Bad Food Bible.
- The Incidental Economist
- The Upshot at the New York Times
- Healthcare Triage
- Reproducibility in Research
- Carroll AE, Hayes D. The US Mental Health System Is So Broken That Even Money Can't Fix It. JAMA Pediatr. 2023.
- Rosenberg M, Carroll AE, Menachemi N, et al. In-person classroom instruction and risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection among undergraduates at Indiana University, Fall 2020. J Am Coll Health. 2023.
- Bell TM, Raymond JL, Mongalo AC, et al. Outpatient Opioid Prescriptions are Associated With Future Substance Use Disorders and Overdose Following Adolescent Trauma. Ann Surg. 2022.
Additional Publications: PubMed
Risk Factors for Residual Medical Needs after Pediatric Trauma Injury (Co-I)
$440,549 from National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) 03/2020 - 02/2024
Explores risk factors for continued opioid use and misuse after pediatric trauma injury and treatment. The long-term goal of this research is to determine unmet health needs of the pediatric trauma population and to design healthcare interventions that improve functional outcomes and reduce disability. Improving these long-term outcomes requires better follow-up data acquisition: both acquiring unbiased pre-injury baseline measurements and assessing post-acute care services.
Leveraging Infrastructure to train investigators in patient centered outcomes research in the learning health system (LITI-PCORLHS) (Co-I)
$3,433,525 from AHRQ 09/2018 - 09/2023
Description: The ultimate objective is to improve health and safety, thereby reducing illness and costly hospitalizations. Organizations that apply learning health system principles aim to improve patient care and health system operations through the systematic generation, adoption and application of evidence. Clinicians and health system leaders work together to ensure that evidence is updated, disseminated to clinical teams and communicated to patients in ways that support shared decision making.
Automated Assessment of Pediatric Rome IV Criteria Using Computerized Decision Support (Co-I)
$2,292,845 from NIDDK (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease) from 04/2019 - 03/2024
Description: We hypothesize that automation of screening, diagnosis, and management of FGIDs (Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders) using the Rome IV criteria will result in improved resolution of FGIDs (primary outcome), as well as decreased utilization of medical services (secondary outcomes). We propose to test this hypothesis using the following specific aims: (1) Expand and modify an existing computer-based decision support system (CHICA), to screen children 0 to 18 years of age for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) using the Rome IV criteria, and provide guidance regarding diagnosis and management of probable FGIDs; and (2) Demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this CHICA FGID Module to improve clinical care measures and reduce utilization of healthcare services.
- Affiliate Scientist, Regenstrief Institute, 2003-present
- Vice Chair for Health Outcomes Research Faculty Development, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, 2011-present
- Associate Dean for Research Mentoring, Indiana University School of Medicine, 2014-present